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Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research

The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research (TCCCR) is made up of nine partners from various UK Universities as follows:

  • Cardiff University
  • Fudan University
  • Newcastle University
  • University of Cambridge
  • University of East Anglia
  • University of Manchester
  • University of Oxford
  • University of Southampton
  • University of Sussex

TCCCR was founded in 2000 with the goal of providing interdisciplinary recommendations for mitigating climate change. Until 2010, funding came mostly from the Natural Environment Research Council, Economic and Social Research Council, and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (all branches of the UK government). After 2010, the host universities took over the bulk of funding by obtaining research grants. A recent major source of funding has been the Chinese government, which committed to 15 years of funding for Fudan University. Fudan research focuses on greenhouse gas stabilization and the transition to a low carbon economy.

Research by the TCCCR

Research at TCCCR has two key goals. The first is to identify opportunities for mitigating climate change and to evaluate how those opportunities will impact everything from global economies to specific ecosystems. The second goal is to explore sustainable methods of generating the energy that humanity needs and to provide careful analysis of the benefits and drawbacks of these methods.

To achieve the above goals, TCCCR divides its research into multidisciplinary areas as follows:

  • Cities and Coasts – The goal is to understand how climate change will affect coastal areas, particularly the 14 mega-cities located on coasts. Projects evaluate topics like how urban environments put people at risk for heat stress and flooding due to climate change. Research aims to offer practical solutions to things like air conditioning energy use, water removal during floods, and freshwater procurement. Specific projects include, but are not limited to:

    • ARCADIA (Adaptation and Resilience in Cities) - The goal is to develop methods for understanding and modeling the impact of climate change on the scale of whole cities. Particular attention is paid to spatial orientation of cities and how that might affect resilience to climate change.
    • CLIMSAVE (Climate Change Integrated Assessment Methodology for Cross-Sectorial Adaptation and Vulnerability in Europe) - This project seeks to integrate the impact of climate change over all of Europe and determine how the continent can work together to adapt.
    • DIVA (Dynamic Interactive Vulnerability) - This project considers the impact of extreme sea level rise over the next 100 years including flooding, land loss, wetland loss, cost of damages, cost of adaptations, etc.
    • THESEUS (Innovative technologies for safer European coasts in a changing climate) - This is an EU-funded project looking for systematic ways to mitigate the impact of flood events for both human and natural environments. Public perception of risk is assessed here as well.

  • Community Integrated Assessment System (CIAS) – This project brings together a number of disparate climate models and data sets into a single framework, must like the Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature Project in the United States. CIAS has developed a software infrastructure that allows for flexible modeling of the datasets available.

  • Energy and Emissions – Energy assessments from technical aspects are combined with research into behavior regarding energy use and perceptions of available energy technology. Research also focuses on the impact of transitions to alternative forms of energy generation and how to successfully navigate those transitions.

  • Water and Land – Key issues relating to deforestation and water use as they relate to global climate change are explored along with how climate change will disrupt current solutions to land use and water supply. The benefits of mitigation and adaptation strategies regarding water shortages and land use changes are investigated.

  • Governance and Behavior – This branch explores the underlying causes and potential solutions to climate change. One of the major goals of this section is to understand political barriers to collective action.