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Climate Research

Climate Research is a global effort for several reasons including the shear amount of data that must be collected and the importance of the topic to governments and citizens across the planet. The scale of the research is quite staggering, with estimates that somewhere on the order of $50 billion USD have been spent on climate science in the last decade alone, with the United States spending upwards of $80 billion dollars since 1989.

Centers of Excellence

Though climate research goes on throughout the world, a few centers are recognized as leaders in the field. Most of these are located in the United States and United Kingdom. In the US, the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA) conducts most of the research as it owns or has access to most of instrumentation needed, particular satellites. In the UK, most of the research is university-based, with the University of Easy Anglia leading the pack.

This section will explore several of the major research facilities across the globe. Emphasis will be placed on funding, what those centers have contributed to climate science, and any notable findings that have been revealed. In several cases, controversy regarding climate findings has arisen. The Climategate incident involving the University of Easy Anglia and the “hockey stick graph” from Penn State University are both discussed with an effort to cover the source of the controversy and outline the known facts.

Though not a climate center per se, the Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature (BEST) program is also included in the review. BEST set out several years ago to pull together disparate climate data sets and weed through them to determine if the information was reliable or not. Lead researcher Richard Muller promised to provide full transparency of both the data and the methods used to analyze. Whether BEST succeeded in reaching its goals is still debated, but it has certainly added important information to the ongoing study of Earth’s climate